Biology: Second Year Courses

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Biology 2A03: Integrative Physiology of Animals

Fundamental principles of animal physiology, including: cellular energetics, diffusion, osmosis, membrane transport, excitability and contractility, gas exchange, fluid dynamics, electrolyte balance. [3 units]

Biology 2B03: Cell Biology

Basic treatment of cell structure and function, including transport and chemical signals; adaptation of structure and function in specialized cells. [3 units]

Biology 2C03: Genetics

Structure, function and transmission of genes; chromosomal basis of inheritance; mono- and dihybrid crosses; sequential steps in gene function; linkage maps; sex chromosome inheritance. [3 units]

Biology 2D03: Plant Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Key concepts in plant biology and biodiversity will be explored, including the origin of plants, plant structure and development, plant genomes, plant responses to the environment and other organisms, agriculture and plant biotechnology. [3 units]

Biology 2L03: Experimental Design in Biology

An active learning approach to experiencing how research is conceived, executed, interpreted and communicated in Biology. Principles and case studies in lectures are matched with hands-on application in the lab. [3 units]