Biology 4X03: Environmental Physiology

The influence of environmental factors on the physiology of animals and the adaptation of animals to diverse environments in the context of biodiversity. [3 units]

Biology 4T03: Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience

Selected topics in neurobiology at the molecular and cellular level including growth factors and neuronal development, ion channels, neurotransmitter functions, learning and memory, and neurological disorders. [3 units]

Biology 4ED3: Evolutionary Developmental Biology

A critical analysis of the conceptual and methodological approaches to Evolutionary Developmental biology. Emphasis is on integrating the developmental, genetic and evolutionary approaches towards understanding how phenotypic variation is generated. [3 units]

Biology 4AA3: Conservation Biology

Examination of how biological principles, mainly from population biology and genetics can be applied to conserving diversity in the natural world. [3 units]

Biology 3UU3: Animal Physiology – Regulatory Systems

Regulation associated with major features and functions of organisms (e.g. feeding, reproduction, thermoregulation, growth, stress, sleep, aging). Emphasis on endocrinology, evolution, vertebrates and ecology. Material will include selected readings. [3 units]

Biology 3SS3: Population Ecology

Population structure and dynamics. Natural selection and regulation of organisms by environmental and biological factors. An evolutionary view of predation, competition, life history schedules. [3 units]

Biology 3R03: Field Biology I

Academic component associated with field work chosen from an assortment of modules. Content and schedules vary annually. Module must differ from any completed for credit in BIOLOGY 4J03. For further information, please refer to and click on Field Biology. [3 units]

Biology 3P03: Cell Physiology

Analysis of cell function with an emphasis on electrical properties, ion transport proteins, signalling via second messengers, and mechanisms of cell homeostasis. [3 units]

Biology 3HD3: Human Disasters

This course will examine a range of human and biologically based disasters, such as antibiotic resistance, DDT, the Great Sparrow Massacre, the Kansas Dustbowl and Agent Orange, by contextualising the circumstances and examining the science involved. [3 units]

Biology 3EI3: Ecological Indicators

Students learn how to assess the health of Great Lakes ecosystems, including wetlands, woodlots, and streams using established ecological indicators. [3 units]

Biology 3DD3: Communities and Ecosystems

Communities and ecosystems: mechanism and principles governing their form and function in origin, development, and maintenance of terrestrial and aquatic communities and ecosystems and their interactions with anthropogenic change, with elements of macroecology, biogeography, landscape, and global ecology. [3 units]

Biology 3B03: Plant Physiology

Principles of physiology and plant cell metabolism. Topics include: photosynthesis, photorespiration, mineral nutrition, water relations and transpiration. [3 units]

Biology 2A03: Integrative Physiology of Animals

Fundamental principles of animal physiology, including: cellular energetics, diffusion, osmosis, membrane transport, excitability and contractility, gas exchange, fluid dynamics, electrolyte balance. [3 units]

Biology 3R03: Field Biology I

Academic component associated with field work chosen from an assortment of modules. Content and schedules vary annually. Module must differ from any completed for credit in BIOLOGY 4J03. [3 units]

Biology 3JJ3: Field Methods In Ecology

An introduction to techniques in ecology, including restoration, population, community, functional, and behavioural ecology, based on field labs. Lectures provide background and data analysis. [3 units]

Biology 3FF3: Evolution

Successful participants synthesize and apply the main theoretical concepts and evaluate and analyse the major empirical observations related to evolution upon completing this course. [3 units]

Biology 2L03: Experimental Design in Biology

An active learning approach to experiencing how research is conceived, executed, interpreted and communicated in Biology. Principles and case studies in lectures are matched with hands-on application in the lab. [3 units]

Biology 2EE3: Introduction to Microbiology and Biotechnology

Microbial structure, genetics, metabolism, and evolution. Overview of agricultural, medical, environmental, and industrial microbiology. Covers key concepts, fundamental principles, and common research tools in microbiology. [3 units]

Biology 2F03: Fundamental and Applied Ecology

An introduction to fundamental ecological principles and their application to current environmental problems at the level of organisms, populations and ecosystems. [3 units]

Biology 2D03: Plant Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Key concepts in plant biology and biodiversity will be explored, including the origin of plants, plant structure and development, plant genomes, plant responses to the environment and other organisms, agriculture and plant biotechnology. [3 units]

Biology/MOLBIO 2C03: Genetics

Structure, function and transmission of genes; chromosomal basis of inheritance; mono- and dihybrid crosses; sequential steps in gene function; linkage maps; sex chromosome inheritance. [3 units]

Biology 2B03: Cell Biology

Basic treatment of cell structure and function, including transport and chemical signals; adaptation of structure and function in specialized cells. [3 units]